This year, the RMB exchange rate maintained a strong upward trend, reaching new heights, the Pearl River Delta region a large number of foreign enterprises are gradually losing price advantage, the profit decline. In addition,plastic film the majority of SMEs also face tightened money supply, raw material prices, labor costs, such as multiple negative factors. Reporters found that although the current emergence of SMEs in the Pearl River Delta region closures, but the crisis is already emerging, some small factories have closed down due to funding strand breaks, more enterprises are still difficult to survive, as well as companies have chosen to relocate within the labor cheaper mainland cities, or relocated Vietnam, Bangladesh and other countries.
color film Part of the plant has been suspended
Dongguan is known as the "world factory," said a large concentration of small and medium enterprises to do outside alone, and therefore particularly sensitive to changes in exchange rates. Intime Plastic Co., Ltd. pvc shower curtain located in Dongguan City Houjie, the company's deputy general manager of Du Qian told reporters that the last two months of basic plant in a suspended state, most workers have gone. "We are also forced to lay-off, the one currently off-season, relatively few orders, and second, to the appreciation of the RMB has been in raw materials prices rose sharply, our profit is very thin, count plant rent, wages, utilities and other costs, Some one will take a loss, so we prefer to lay a few months, and then start waiting for the coming season. pvc plastic film "As many companies chose to lay-off, many workers were laid off, the reporter found that recruitment difficulties alleviate the problem.
It is understood that the profits of China's low-end manufacturing has been low, outside one of these small businesses do tend to be "order to win." Du Qian reluctantly said: "This year, raw material and labor costs have gone up so much, but every one but the export price of the product down by $ 0.2, we have no room for bargaining, or have orders, in which case, only require customers to increase the amount of each order, by doing to maintain a certain amount of profit. "
Ju Cheng, general manager of Dongguan shoe factory into a good wave, also said the past two years the rapid rise in prices of raw materials, plant profit decline, to do entirely on the amount of current to maintain plant operations. In order to save rent plant, the plant has been moved several times at home, the more remote the more moving, as good waves, said: "We plant the situation is very difficult, Dongguan factory, there are many like this, I guess if this situation continues, by the end of there will be a number of factories had to close down, has some small factories can not go bankrupt. "
If the yuan continues to appreciate, these companies still manage to maintain operations fate? Du Qian said that they can support plant for some time, in order to survive, and now they take the diversified line of products, according to the characteristics of the product according to seasonal orders, in addition, companies are increasing the proportion of single.
SMEs by multiple extrusion
Struggle, is Shenzhen SME Development Association Executive Vice President and Secretary General Sun Li has repeatedly used the word to describe the current situation of SMEs. The textile industry, for example, every 1% appreciation of RMB, sales of textile and garment industry profit margins will drop 2% to 6%.
Sun Lee said: "The first quarter of this year, I mastered the profits of member companies has fallen sharply, according to the present situation, the second-quarter profits of these enterprises could fall to zero in the third quarter, companies may be a loss." In addition, As the Japanese earthquake, many Chinese enterprises need to purchase the accessories can not be bought from Japan, and only buy from other markets, further exacerbating the situation of rising prices of raw materials.